If you want an easy way to test and or develop using WordPress you should be sure to check out Quick WordPress.
The following technologies are automatically installed for you by Quick WordPress:
This project has the goal of providing an easy way to backup and restore the WordPress installation as well. This could be used to build out a WordPress site locally and then easily prepare the installation for deployment to the host of your choice.
This is still a work in progress, but I will definitely be watching it closely.